XEP-xxxx: Jingle SOCKS5 Bytestreams Transport Method

Abstract
This specification defines a Jingle transport method that results in sending data via the SOCKS5 Bytestreams (S5B) protocol defined in XEP-0065. Essentially this transport method reuses XEP-0065 semantics for sending the data and defines native Jingle methods for starting and ending an S5B session.
Authors
  • Peter Saint-Andre
  • Dirk Meyer
Copyright
© 1999 – 2020 XMPP Standards Foundation. SEE LEGAL NOTICES.
Status

ProtoXEP

WARNING: This document has not yet been accepted for consideration or approved in any official manner by the XMPP Standards Foundation, and this document is not yet an XMPP Extension Protocol (XEP). If this document is accepted as a XEP by the XMPP Council, it will be published at <http://xmpp.org/extensions/> and announced on the <standards@xmpp.org> mailing list.
Type
Standards Track
Version
0.0.3 (2009-02-18)
Document Lifecycle
  1. Experimental
  2. Proposed
  3. Draft
  4. Final

1. Introduction

Jingle (XEP-0166) [1] defines a framework for negotiating and managing data sessions over XMPP. In order to provide a flexible framework, the base Jingle specification defines neither data transport methods nor application formats, leaving that up to separate specifications. The current document defines a transport method for establishing and managing data exchanges between XMPP entities using the existing SOCKS5 Bytestreams (S5B) protocol specified in SOCKS5 Bytestreams (XEP-0065) [2]. This "jingle-s5b" method results in a streaming transport method suitable for use in Jingle application types where packet loss cannot be tolerated (e.g., file transfer).

It is RECOMMENDED that a client offers as much <streamhost/> elements with itself as StreamHost as possible. This includes opening the TCP port on all available interfaces the user wants to use (e.g. maybe not an expensive UMTS link), both the IPv4 and IPv6 of that interface (if available), and using an assisting NAT protocol if possible. If the client knows it is behind and the router announces UPnP IGD or NAT-PMP support, the client SHOULD map the open port to the external interface of the router and include the public IP address and port information in the <streamhost/> offers. To increase the chance of success without using a proxy, this specification allows the responder to also send offers.

2. Protocol

The basic flow is as follows.

Romeo                               Juliet
  |                                  |
  |  session-initiate                |
  |  (with S5B info)                 |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |  ack                             |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  session-accept                  |
  |  (with S5B info)                 |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  ack                             |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |  streamhost transport-info       |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  ack                             |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |  streamhost-used transport-info  |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |  ack                             |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  S5B "SESSION"                   |
  |<================================>|
  |  session-terminate               |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  ack                             |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |                                  |
  

This flow is illustrated in the following examples (to prevent confusion these use a "stub" transport instead of a real application type).

First the initiator sends a Jingle session-initiate request that contains one or more transport candidates, which in jingle-s5b are XEP-0065 streamhosts.

Example 1. Initiator sends session-initiate (stub)
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='xn28s7gk'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'>
          action='session-initiate'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='a73sjjvkla37jfea'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='stub'>
      <description xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:apps:stub:0'/>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
                 sid='vj3hs98y'
        	 mode='tcp'>
        <streamhost
            jid='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
            host='192.168.4.1'
            port='5086'/>
        <streamhost
            jid='streamhostproxy.example.net'
            host='24.24.24.1'
            zeroconf='_jabber.bytestreams'/>
      </transport>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
  

The responder immediately acknowledges receipt.

Example 2. Responder acknowledges session-initiate
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='xn28s7gk'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'/>
  

Depending on the application type, a user agent controlled by a human user might need to wait for the user to affirm a desire to proceed with the session before continuing. When the user agent has received such affirmation (or if the user agent can automatically proceed for any reason, e.g. because no human intervention is expected or because a human user has configured the user agent to automatically accept sessions with a given entity), it returns a Jingle session-accept message. This message MUST contain a <transport/> element qualified by the 'urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0' namespace, which SHOULD in turn contain one <streamhost/> element for each SOCKS5 Bytestreams candidate generated by or known to the responder, but MAY instead be empty if the responder does not wish to offer any streamhosts or wishes to send each candidate as the payload of a transport-info message.

Note: If the responder sends streamhost candidates, the chances of a successful connection are increased. For example, the initiator might be behind a NAT or might have no access to a proxy, whereas the responder might have a public IP address, might know about a streamhost proxy, or might have NAT penetration support like NAT-PMP in the router.

In the following example, Juliet's client is the StreamHost and opens one port. The provided <streamhost/> elements are the (private) IPv4 address of the interface, a (public) IPv6 address, and the public IPv4 address created by mapping the private IP address/port using NAT-PMP.

Example 3. Responder sends session-accept with streamhost candidates
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='hwd987h'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'>
          action='session-accept'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='a73sjjvkla37jfea'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='stub'>
      <description xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:apps:stub:0'/>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
                 sid='vj3hs98y'
        	 mode='tcp'>
        <streamhost
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
            host='192.169.1.10'
            port='6539'/>
        <streamhost
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
            host='134.102.201.180'
            port='16453'/>
        <streamhost
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
            host='2001:638:708:30c9:219:d1ff:fea4:a17d'
            port='6539'/>
      </transport>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
  

The initiator acknowledges receipt and tries to connect to the offered StreamHosts.

Example 4. Initiator acknowledges streamhost transport-info
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='hwd987h'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='result'/>
  

Once one client has successfully created a connection with a StreamHost, it sends the <streamhost-used/> element defined in XEP-0065 to the peer; as a result, both clients will stop trying to connect to other candidates. [3]

Example 5. Initiator sends streamhost-used in Jingle transport-info
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='hjdi8'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'>
          action='transport-info'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='a73sjjvkla37jfea'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='stub'>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
                 sid='vj3hs98y'
        	 mode='tcp'>
        <streamhost-used
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
            host='134.102.201.180'
            port='16453'/>
      </transport>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
  

The peer immediately acknowledges receipt.

Example 6. Responder acknowledges streamhost-used message
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='hjdi8'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'/>
  

The initiator can then immediately begin sending data over the SOCKS5 bytestream as described in XEP-0065 (in fact the streamhost is bidirectional, so the responder can use it as well).

Once the parties have finished using the bytestream (e.g., because a complete file has been sent), either party can send a Jingle session-terminate action.

Example 7. Initiator terminates the session
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='hz81vf48'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'
          action='session-terminate'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='a73sjjvkla37jfea'>
    <reason><success/></reason>
  </jingle>
</iq>
  

The other party then acknowledges the session-terminate and the Jingle session is finished.

Example 8. Responder acknowledges session-terminate
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='hz81vf48'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'/>
  

3. Fallback to IBB

The session flow is as follows.

Romeo                               Juliet
  |                                  |
  |  session-initiate                |
  |  (with S5B info)                 |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |  ack                             |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  session-accept                  |
  |  (with S5B info)                 |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  [ SOCKS5 failure! ]             |
  |x--------------------------------x|
  |  transport-replace (IBB)         |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |  ack                             |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  IBB "SESSION"                   |
  |=================================>|
  |  terminate                       |
  |<---------------------------------|
  |  ack                             |
  |--------------------------------->|
  |                                  |
  

The protocol flow is as follows.

First the initiator sends a Jingle session-initiate, in this case with a transport of SOCKS5 Bytestreams.

Example 9. Initiator sends session-initiate
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='jingle1'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'
          action='session-initiate'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='851ba2'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='a-file-offer'>
      <description xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:apps:stub:0'/>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
                 sid='vj3hs98y'
        	 mode='tcp'>
        <streamhost
            jid='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
            host='192.168.4.1'
            port='5086'/>
        <streamhost
            jid='streamer.shakespeare.lit'
            host='24.24.24.1'
            zeroconf='_jabber.bytestreams'/>
      </transport>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
  

The responder acknowledges receipt of the session-initiate and sends a session-accept.

Example 10. Responder acknowledges session-initiate
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='jingle1'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'/>
  
Example 11. Responder sends session-accept with streamhost candidates
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='hwd987h'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'>
          action='session-accept'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='a73sjjvkla37jfea'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='stub'>
      <description xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:apps:stub:0'/>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
                 sid='vj3hs98y'
        	 mode='tcp'>
        <streamhost
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
            host='192.169.1.10'
            port='6539'/>
        <streamhost
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
            host='134.102.201.180'
            port='16453'/>
        <streamhost
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
            host='2001:638:708:30c9:219:d1ff:fea4:a17d'
            port='6539'/>
      </transport>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
  

The initiator acknowledges receipt and tries to connect to the offered StreamHosts.

Example 12. Initiator acknowledges streamhost transport-info
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='hwd987h'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='result'/>
  

If initiator or responder is unable to connect to any of the StreamHosts, it MUST send a <streamhost-error/> transport-info to the peer.

Example 13. Responder was unable to connect to any StreamHosts
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='jfd75jk'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'
          action='transport-info'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          responder='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
          sid='a73sjjvkla37jfea'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='stub'>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
                 sid='vj3hs98y'
        	 mode='tcp'>
        <streamhost-error/>
      </transport>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
  

The peer immediately acknowledges receipt.

Example 14. Initiator acknowledges streamhost-error
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='jfd75jk'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='result'/>
  

If the initiator receives such an error message from the responder and was also unable to connect to any StreamHosts (or did not receive any from the responder), it MUST either terminate the Jingle session with a Jingle reason of <connectivity-error/> or replace the transport by something else using the transport-replace action. Typically the fallback option is In-Band Bytestreams (XEP-0047) [4]. Therefore the initiator sends a transport-replace action including a transport of IBB.

Example 15. Initiator replaces transport with IBB
<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='hs92n57'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'
          action='transport-replace'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='851ba2'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='a-file-offer'>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:ibb:0'
                 block-size='4096'
                 sid='ch3d9s71'/>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
    

The responder then acknowledges the transport-replace action.

Example 16. Responder acknowledges transport-replace
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='hs92n57'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'/>
    

If the transport replacement is acceptable, the responder then sends a transport-accept action to the initiator (if not, the responder sends a transport-reject action).

Example 17. Responder sends session-accept
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='is71ns63'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='set'>
  <jingle xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:0'
          action='transport-accept'
          initiator='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
          sid='851ba2'>
    <content creator='initiator' name='a-file-offer'>
      <transport xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:ibb:0'
                 block-size='4096'
                 sid='ch3d9s71'/>
    </content>
  </jingle>
</iq>
    

The initiator acknowledges the Jingle transport-accept action.

Example 18. Initiator acknowledges transport-accept
<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='is71ns63'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'/>
    

Now the initiator sends data using In-Band Bytestreams as defined in XEP-0047.

4. Processing Rules and Usage Guidelines

The same processing rules and usage guidelines defined in XEP-0065 apply to the Jingle S5B Transport Method. Additional implementation suggestions are:

  1. A client should try the offered StreamHosts in the given order.
  2. If more than one <streamhost/> element is present a client should wait 200ms before trying the next one.
  3. If the JID of a StreamHosts is not the one of the peer it indicates the usage of a proxy. If the client had offered direct connection information it MAY want to wait a little bit longer than 200ms before trying the first proxy to allow the peer to connect without the usage of a proxy.
  4. A client should NOT wait for a TCP timeout on connect. If it is unable to connect to any StreamHost within 5 seconds it should send the streamhost-error.

5. Security Considerations

The same security considerations defined in XEP-0065 apply to the Jingle S5B Transport Method.

6. IANA Considerations

This document requires no interaction with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) [5].

7. XMPP Registrar Considerations

7.1 Jingle Transport Methods

The XMPP Registrar shall add to its registry of Jingle transport methods a definition for the "jingle-s5b" transport method. The registry submission is as follows:

<transport>
  <name>s5b</name>
  <desc>A method for exchanging data over SOCKS5 Bytestreams.</desc>
  <type>streaming</type>
  <doc>XEP-xxxx</doc>
</transport>
    

8. Schema

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>

<xs:schema
    xmlns:xs='http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema'
    targetNamespace='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
    xmlns='urn:xmpp:jingle:transports:s5b:0'
    elementFormDefault='qualified'>

  <xs:element name='transport'>
    <xs:complexType>
      <xs:choice>
        <xs:element ref='streamhost' minOccurs='0' maxOccurs='unbounded'/>
      </xs:choice>
      <xs:attribute name='sid' type='xs:string' use='optional'/>
      <xs:attribute name='mode' use='optional' default='tcp'>
        <xs:simpleType>
          <xs:restriction base='xs:NCName'>
            <xs:enumeration value='tcp'/>
            <xs:enumeration value='udp'/>
          </xs:restriction>
        </xs:simpleType>
      </xs:attribute>
    </xs:complexType>
  </xs:element>

  <xs:element name='streamhost'>
    <xs:complexType>
      <xs:simpleContent>
        <xs:extension base='empty'>
          <xs:attribute name='jid' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
          <xs:attribute name='host' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
          <xs:attribute name='zeroconf' type='xs:string' use='optional'/>
          <xs:attribute name='port' type='xs:string' use='optional'/>
        </xs:extension>
      </xs:simpleContent>
    </xs:complexType>
  </xs:element>

  <xs:element name='streamhost-used'>
    <xs:complexType>
      <xs:simpleContent>
        <xs:extension base='empty'>
          <xs:attribute name='jid' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
        </xs:extension>
      </xs:simpleContent>
    </xs:complexType>
  </xs:element>

  <xs:element name='streamhost-error'/>

  <xs:simpleType name='empty'>
    <xs:restriction base='xs:string'>
      <xs:enumeration value=''/>
    </xs:restriction>
  </xs:simpleType>

</xs:schema>
  

Appendices

Appendix A: Document Information

Series
XEP
Number
xxxx
Publisher
XMPP Standards Foundation
Status
ProtoXEP
Type
Standards Track
Version
0.0.3
Last Updated
2009-02-18
Approving Body
XMPP Council
Dependencies
XMPP Core, XEP-0030, XEP-0065
Supersedes
None
Superseded By
None
Short Name
jingle-s5b

This document in other formats: XML  PDF

Appendix B: Author Information

Peter Saint-Andre
Email
xsf@stpeter.im
JabberID
peter@jabber.org
URI
http://stpeter.im/
Dirk Meyer
Email
dmeyer@tzi.de
JabberID
dmeyer@jabber.org

Copyright

This XMPP Extension Protocol is copyright © 1999 – 2020 by the XMPP Standards Foundation (XSF).

Permissions

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this specification (the "Specification"), to make use of the Specification without restriction, including without limitation the rights to implement the Specification in a software program, deploy the Specification in a network service, and copy, modify, merge, publish, translate, distribute, sublicense, or sell copies of the Specification, and to permit persons to whom the Specification is furnished to do so, subject to the condition that the foregoing copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Specification. Unless separate permission is granted, modified works that are redistributed shall not contain misleading information regarding the authors, title, number, or publisher of the Specification, and shall not claim endorsement of the modified works by the authors, any organization or project to which the authors belong, or the XMPP Standards Foundation.

Disclaimer of Warranty

## NOTE WELL: This Specification is provided on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, express or implied, including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions of TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ##

Limitation of Liability

In no event and under no legal theory, whether in tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise, unless required by applicable law (such as deliberate and grossly negligent acts) or agreed to in writing, shall the XMPP Standards Foundation or any author of this Specification be liable for damages, including any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising from, out of, or in connection with the Specification or the implementation, deployment, or other use of the Specification (including but not limited to damages for loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all other commercial damages or losses), even if the XMPP Standards Foundation or such author has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

IPR Conformance

This XMPP Extension Protocol has been contributed in full conformance with the XSF's Intellectual Property Rights Policy (a copy of which can be found at <https://xmpp.org/about/xsf/ipr-policy> or obtained by writing to XMPP Standards Foundation, P.O. Box 787, Parker, CO 80134 USA).

Visual Presentation

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Appendix D: Relation to XMPP

The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is defined in the XMPP Core (RFC 6120) and XMPP IM (RFC 6121) specifications contributed by the XMPP Standards Foundation to the Internet Standards Process, which is managed by the Internet Engineering Task Force in accordance with RFC 2026. Any protocol defined in this document has been developed outside the Internet Standards Process and is to be understood as an extension to XMPP rather than as an evolution, development, or modification of XMPP itself.

Appendix E: Discussion Venue

The primary venue for discussion of XMPP Extension Protocols is the <standards@xmpp.org> discussion list.

Discussion on other xmpp.org discussion lists might also be appropriate; see <http://xmpp.org/about/discuss.shtml> for a complete list.

Errata can be sent to <editor@xmpp.org>.

Appendix F: Requirements Conformance

The following requirements keywords as used in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119: "MUST", "SHALL", "REQUIRED"; "MUST NOT", "SHALL NOT"; "SHOULD", "RECOMMENDED"; "SHOULD NOT", "NOT RECOMMENDED"; "MAY", "OPTIONAL".

Appendix G: Notes

1. XEP-0166: Jingle <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0166.html>.

2. XEP-0065: SOCKS5 Bytestreams <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0065.html>.

3. If both clients happen to send the streamhost-used message at the same time (two connections are open), the StreamHost chosen by the initiator wins (consistent with the rules in XEP-0166) and the responder closes the streamhost connection it was able to establish.

4. XEP-0047: In-Band Bytestreams <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0047.html>.

5. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique parameter values for Internet protocols, such as port numbers and URI schemes. For further information, see <http://www.iana.org/>.

Appendix H: Revision History

Note: Older versions of this specification might be available at http://xmpp.org/extensions/attic/

  1. Version 0.0.3 (2009-02-18)

    Clarified order of events to be consistent with raw-udp and ice-udp.

    psa
  2. Version 0.0.2 (2009-02-11)

    Add additional text to use NAT assisting protocols and allow the responder to also send <streamhost/> information. This change required the introduction of streamhost-used and streamhost-error.

    dm
  3. Version 0.0.1 (2009-02-10)

    Rough draft.

    psa

END