As Jabber becomes more widely utilized, applications of the protocol are veering away from traditional use as an IM product and are utilizing it for more generic data transportation and negotiation. While many advances are being made to facilitate non-IM data transportation, they do not address the use of already-established mechanisms of transporting data via URLs. This document provides a method that is compatible with these data transportation mechanisms and that is based on standard Internet Uniform Resource Locators (see RFC 3986 ).
The requirements this protocol fulfills are:
The simplest use of this protocol is to provide just a URL to another entity.
The above example illustrates supplying a HTTP URL with a cookie header. Additional information could be provided, such as HTTP authentication requirements or even POST data.
To use "url-data" in conjunction with SI, the "sid" attribute of <url-data/> is used. This attribute MUST be equal to the SI session id.
The general process flow for using "url-data" with SI is as follows :
The sender starts with an SI request, using the semantics from XEP-0095:
The receiver then accepts the request, specifying "url-data" as the stream method:
The sender then sends an <iq/> with type "set" to the receiver, providing the <url-data/> element with the URL in the "target" attribute:
The receiver attempts to retrieve the data from the given URL. The receiver MUST NOT respond to the <iq/> until the data is completely retrieved, or an error occurs. If the retrieval is successful, the receiver responds with an "iq-result":
Including the <url-data/> element in the result is NOT REQUIRED.
If the receiver does not understand or support the URL, it responds with an "iq-error" with the <malformed-url/> condition:
If the receiver fails to retrieve data from the URL, it responds with an "iq-error" with the <transfer-failed/> condition:
If the receiver refuses to accept the URL, it responds with an "iq-error" with the <transfer-refused/> condition:
The additional information provided by a particular scheme is OPTIONAL. The additional data is provided as XML in a dedicated namespace, and this namespace SHOULD be declared (with an appropriate prefix) within the <url-data/> element.
Entities receiving a <url-data/> element MAY incorporate this information into the use of the URL as necessary. An entity providing a <url-data/> with scheme-specific information SHOULD NOT assume the receiving entity understands it, even if the receiving entity is capable of processing a URL for that scheme.
The <url-data/> element provides the root structure for providing URL addresses. The element has attribute for the target URL and (optional) stream identifier. It contains content for the optional description, and any and all scheme-specific content.
The attribute "target" contains the URL. This attribute MUST be present, and MUST be a valid URL.
The attribute "sid" contains the stream identifier. While this attribute is optional, its usage is REQUIRED when used with Stream Initiation, and MUST contain the Stream Initiation identifier previously agreed to.
In cases where textual descriptions cannot be provided, this element fullfills this need. It MAY include the "xml:lang" attribute for localization purposes, and its content is the text of the description. Multiple instances of <desc/> MAY be present, but each instance MUST have a different value for "xml:lang" attribute.
To simplify the discussion on error conditions, this document uses the following mapping between namespace URIs and namespace prefixes .
Below are the errors that can result.
|Error Type||General Condition||Specific Condition||Description|
|modify||<xmpp:bad-request/>||<url:malformed-url/>||The URL is not supported or understood.|
|cancel||<xmpp:not-acceptable/>||<url:transfer-refused/>||The URL transfer failed for some unspecified reason.|
|cancel||<xmpp:undefined-condition/>||<url:transfer-failed/>||The URL transfer failed for some unspecified reason.|
This document does not yet have any security considerations.
This document requires no interaction with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) .
The XMPP Registrar  shall register the namespace "http://jabber.org/protocol/url-data" as a standard namespace. Also, the XMPP Registrar shall register the Feature Negotiation (XEP-0020)  option "url-data" for use with Stream Initiation.
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This XMPP Extension Protocol is copyright © 1999 – 2020 by the XMPP Standards Foundation (XSF).
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this specification (the "Specification"), to make use of the Specification without restriction, including without limitation the rights to implement the Specification in a software program, deploy the Specification in a network service, and copy, modify, merge, publish, translate, distribute, sublicense, or sell copies of the Specification, and to permit persons to whom the Specification is furnished to do so, subject to the condition that the foregoing copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Specification. Unless separate permission is granted, modified works that are redistributed shall not contain misleading information regarding the authors, title, number, or publisher of the Specification, and shall not claim endorsement of the modified works by the authors, any organization or project to which the authors belong, or the XMPP Standards Foundation.
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This XMPP Extension Protocol has been contributed in full conformance with the XSF's Intellectual Property Rights Policy (a copy of which can be found at <https://xmpp.org/about/xsf/ipr-policy> or obtained by writing to XMPP Standards Foundation, P.O. Box 787, Parker, CO 80134 USA).
The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is defined in the XMPP Core (RFC 6120) and XMPP IM (RFC 6121) specifications contributed by the XMPP Standards Foundation to the Internet Standards Process, which is managed by the Internet Engineering Task Force in accordance with RFC 2026. Any protocol defined in this document has been developed outside the Internet Standards Process and is to be understood as an extension to XMPP rather than as an evolution, development, or modification of XMPP itself.
The primary venue for discussion of XMPP Extension Protocols is the <firstname.lastname@example.org> discussion list.
Discussion on other xmpp.org discussion lists might also be appropriate; see <http://xmpp.org/about/discuss.shtml> for a complete list.
Given that this XMPP Extension Protocol normatively references IETF technologies, discussion on the <email@example.com> list might also be appropriate.
Errata can be sent to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
The following requirements keywords as used in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119: "MUST", "SHALL", "REQUIRED"; "MUST NOT", "SHALL NOT"; "SHOULD", "RECOMMENDED"; "SHOULD NOT", "NOT RECOMMENDED"; "MAY", "OPTIONAL".
5. The error conditions for SI are fully-documented in that document, and are therefore not included here.
6. This mapping is for the purpose of simplifying this discussion, and is not intended to be used in the actual protocol.
7. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique parameter values for Internet protocols, such as port numbers and URI schemes. For further information, see <http://www.iana.org/>.
8. The XMPP Registrar maintains a list of reserved protocol namespaces as well as registries of parameters used in the context of XMPP extension protocols approved by the XMPP Standards Foundation. For further information, see <https://xmpp.org/registrar/>.
Note: Older versions of this specification might be available at http://xmpp.org/extensions/attic/