XEP-0356: Privileged Entity

Abstract
This specification provides a way for XMPP entities to have a privileged access to some other entities data
Author
Jérôme Poisson
Copyright
© 1999 – 2021 XMPP Standards Foundation. SEE LEGAL NOTICES.
Status

Experimental

WARNING: This Standards-Track document is Experimental. Publication as an XMPP Extension Protocol does not imply approval of this proposal by the XMPP Standards Foundation. Implementation of the protocol described herein is encouraged in exploratory implementations, but production systems are advised to carefully consider whether it is appropriate to deploy implementations of this protocol before it advances to a status of Draft.
Type
Standards Track
Version
0.4 (2022-04-01)
Document Lifecycle
  1. Experimental
  2. Proposed
  3. Stable
  4. Final

1. Introduction

XMPP components are used for long through Jabber Component Protocol (XEP-0114) [2], but are quite limited: they have a restricted access to other entities data, similar to what a client can do. This is sufficient for components like gateways, but very limiting for more complex components like a PubSub service. The goal of this XEP is to allow a component or any entity to have a "privileged" status, and access some other entity data with the same privileges than the entity itself, that means manage an entity roster on its behalf, send <message/>, <iq/> or receive <presence/> stanzas in the name of the server.

Privileged entities have numerous advantages, including:

Privileged entity has been created with the main goal to create an external, server agnostic, PEP service. It is restricted to only a couple of features, see Acknowledgements section for more details.

This XEP is complementary to Namespace Delegation (XEP-0355) [4] (and works in a similar way), although they can be used together or separately. To build something like an external PEP service, it is necessary to use both XEPs.

2. Requirements

A privileged entity must be able to do what a PEP service can do and to access roster, so it must be able to (according to configuration):

The privilege mechanism MUST be totally transparent for the managed entities.

3. Glossary

4. Accessing Roster

4.1 Server Allows Roster Access

Roster access is granted in the server configuration. Roster access can have 4 types:

Roster access MAY have an optional "push" argument which can be set to "true" or "false" and SHOULD default to "true" if roster permission access type is either "get" or "both", and to "false" otherwise.

If set to "true", the server will send roster pushes as explained below.. If set to "false", the server MUST NOT send roster pushes. The "false" value is mostly there to save resources if the managing entity knows that it doesn't need to be notified of roster updates. Roster pushes MUST NOT be sent if roster permission type is either "none" or "set".

Once a privileged entity is authenticated and stream is started, the server send it a <message/> stanza with a <privilege/> elements which MUST have the namespace 'urn:xmpp:privilege:2'.

This element contains <perm/> elements which MUST contain a 'access' attribute of the value "roster" and a 'type' attribute which must correspond to the type configured as specified in "Server Allows Roster Access" section.

The <perm> element MAY contain a 'push' attribute with a value of either "true" or "false" according to configuration. If the 'push' attribute is omitted, it defaults to "true" if "roster" permission is "get" or "both", otherwise it's set to "false". If 'push' is "true", roster pushes MUST be transmitted, if 'push' is "false" they MUST NOT be transmitted.

Example 1. Server Advertises Roster Privilege
<message from='capulet.net' to='pubub.capulet.lit' id='12345'>
  <privilege xmlns='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'>
    <perm access='roster' type='both' push='true'/>
  </privilege>
</message>

Here pubsub.capulet.lit is allowed to do get and set operations on all entities managed by capulet.lit

4.3 Privileged Entity Manage Roster

Doing a get or set operation on the roster of a managed entity is done in the usual way (as described in RFC 6121 [5] section 2), except that the 'to' attribute is set to the attribute of the managed entity. The server MUST check that the privileged entity has right to get or set the roster of managed entity, and MUST return a <forbidden/> error if it is not the case:

Example 2. Privileged Entity Get Managed Entity Roster
<iq id='roster1'
    from='pubsub.capulet.lit'
    to='juliet@example.com'
    type='get'
    id='roster1'>
      <query xmlns='jabber:iq:roster'/>
</iq>

The server then answers normally, as it would have done to the managed entity:

Example 3. Server Answers To Privileged Entity
<iq id='roster1'
  from='juliet@example.com'
  to='pubsub.capulet.net'
  type='result'>
  <query xmlns='jabber:iq:roster' ver='ver7'>
    <item jid='nurse@example.com'/>
    <item jid='romeo@example.net'/>
  </query>
</iq>

4.4 Server Sends Roster Pushes

If "push" attribute is unset or set to "true" and roster permission type is either "get" or "both", the server MUST send roster pushes when there is a newly created, updated or deleted roster item for roster of any managed entity. A roster push is built as explained in XMPP IM [5] with a 'from' attribute explicitely set to the bare jid of the managed entity.

Example 4. Server Send Roster Push of Juliet to Privileged Entity
<iq id='roster_push_1'
  from='juliet@capulet.lit'
  to='pubsub.capulet.lit'
  type='set'>
  <query xmlns='jabber:iq:roster'>
    <item jid='nurse@example.com'/>
  </query>
</iq>

5. Message Permission

5.1 Authorizing Messages

In some cases, it can be desirable to send notifications (e.g. PEP service), so the privileged entity must be able to send <message/> stanzas. This is allowed in server configuration in the same way as for roster permission. The permission type can have the following values:

A privileged entity can then send message on the behalf either of the server or of a bare JID of an entity managed by the server (i.e. a bare jid with the same domain as the server), using Stanza Forwarding (XEP-0297) [6]. The <forwarded/> element MUST be a child of a <privilege/> element with a namespace of 'urn:xmpp:privilege:2', with the following restriction:

  1. forwarded <message/> 'from' attribute MUST be a bare JID from the server, no resource is allowed

If this rule is violated, the server MUST return a <message/> error with condition <forbidden/>, as in RFC 6120 [7] section 8.3.3.4.

Server advertises "message" permission in the same way as for "roster" permission, except that 'access' attribute has the value of "message", and the 'type' attribute as a value of 'outgoing':

Example 5. Server Advertises Roster And Message Privileges
<message from='capulet.net' to='pubub.capulet.lit' id='54321'>
    <privilege xmlns='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'>
        <perm access='roster' type='both' push='true'/>
        <perm access='message' type='outgoing'/>
    </privilege>
</message>

5.3 Sending Messages

Now that pubsub.capulet.lit is allowed, it can send messages using <forwarded/> elements.

Example 6. privileged entity send a notificaction message
<message from='pubsub.capulet.lit' to='capulet.lit' id='notif1'>
  <privilege xmlns='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'>
    <forwarded xmlns='urn:xmpp:forward:0'>
      <message from='juliet@capulet.lit'
        id='foo'
        to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
        xmlns='jabber:client'>
        <event xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub#event'>
          <items node='http://jabber.org/protocol/tune'>
            <item>
              <tune xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/tune'>
                <artist>Gerald Finzi</artist>
                <length>255</length>
                <source>Music for "Love's Labors Lost" (Suite for small orchestra)</source>
                <title>Introduction (Allegro vigoroso)</title>
                <track>1</track>
              </tune>
            </item>
          </items>
        </event>
        <delay xmlns='urn:xmpp:delay' stamp='2014-11-25T14:34:32Z'/>
      </message>
    </forwarded>
  </privilege>
</message>

The server sees that forwarded message 'from' attribute (juliet@capulet.lit) is a bare JID of the server, and that outgoing message permission was granted; it can now send the notification:

Example 7. server sends the notification as if it was originating from him
<message from='juliet@capulet.lit'
  id='bar'
  to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'>
  <event xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub#event'>
    <items node='http://jabber.org/protocol/tune'>
      <item>
        <tune xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/tune'>
          <artist>Gerald Finzi</artist>
          <length>255</length>
          <source>Music for "Love's Labors Lost" (Suite for small orchestra)</source>
          <title>Introduction (Allegro vigoroso)</title>
          <track>1</track>
        </tune>
      </item>
    </items>
  </event>
  <delay xmlns='urn:xmpp:delay' stamp='2014-11-25T14:34:32Z'/>
</message>

6. IQ permission

6.1 IQ Stanzas on Behalf of a Server User

It may be necessary for a component to send <iq/> stanzas on behalf of a server user. This is, for instance, the case for a pubsub component willing to implement Pubsub Account Management (XEP-0376) [1].

To do this, an "iq" permission must be granted in server configuration.

To grant an "iq" permission, authorised namespaces must be specified and associated to a value indicating the type of <iq/> request which are allowed. The value is similar to the roster access type, there are 4 values possible:

Server adversites "iq" permission by using a <perm> element with an 'access' attribute of the value "iq" and wihout 'type' attribute. This element MAY contain any number of <namespace> elements with a 'ns' attribute of the value of the granted namespace, and a 'type' attribute with one of the value indicated in previous section

Example 8. Server Advertises IQ Privilege
<message from='capulet.net' to='pubub.capulet.lit' id='iq_perm_1'>
  <privilege xmlns='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'>
    <perm access='iq'>
      <namespace ns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub' type='set' />
    </perm>
  </privilege>
</message>
        

Here pubsub.capulet.lit is allowed to send <iq/> stanza of type set with the namespace 'http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub' on behalf of any entity managed by capulet.lit

6.3 Sending IQ Stanzas

Sending an <iq/> stanza on behalf of a user is done by following those steps:

The server MUST refuse the request with a <forbidden/> error if any of the following condition happens:

Once the server gets the <iq/> response, it sends it back to privileged entity using a Stanza Forwarding (XEP-0297) [6] <forward> element encapsulated in a <privilege> element with a namespace of 'urn:xmpp'.

In following example, the pubsub component pubsub.capulet.lit handles Pubsub Account Management (XEP-0376) [1]. After getting a pubsub subscribe request, from Juliet to subscribe to Romeo's blog, it forward it to Romeo's server:

Example 9. Privileged Entity Send an <iq/> Stanza on Behalf of Juliet
      <iq
        from='pubsub.capulet.lit'
        to='juliet@capulet.lit'
        type='set'
        id='priv_iq_1'>
      <privileged_iq xmlns='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'>
        <iq
          xmlns='jabber:client'
          type='set'
          to='romeo@montaigu.lit'
          id='sub_1'>
          <pubsub xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub'>
            <subscribe
              node='urn:xmpp:microblog:0'
              jid='juliet@capulet.lit'/>
          </pubsub>
      </iq>
    </privileged_iq>
  </iq>
      

When receiving this stanza, the server does a couple of things:

Example 10. Server Send the Encapsulated <iq/> Stanza
<iq
  xmlns='jabber:client'
  type='set'
  from='juliet@capulet.lit'
  to='romeo@montaigu.lit'
  id='sub_1'>
  <pubsub xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub'>
    <subscribe
      node='urn:xmpp:microblog:0'
      jid='juliet@capulet.lit'/>
  </pubsub>
</iq>
    

The server will then get the response with a type of either "result" or "error" as specified in XMPP Core [7]. It sends it back to pubsub.capulet.lit using a Stanza Forwarding (XEP-0297) [6] <forward> element:

Example 11. Server Gets the <iq/> Response and Forward it to Privileged Entity
<iq type='result'
    from='romeo@montaigu.lit'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit'
    id='sub_1'>
  <pubsub xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub'>
    <subscription
        node='urn:xmpp:microblog:0'
        jid='juliet@capulet.lit'
        subid='some_id'
        subscription='subscribed'/>
  </pubsub>
</iq>

<iq
  type='result'
  from='juliet@capulet.lit'
  to='pubsub.capulet.lit'
  id='priv_iq_1'>
  <privilege xmlns="urn:xmpp:privilege:2">
    <forwarded xmlns='urn:xmpp:forward:0'>
      <iq type='result'
        from='romeo@montaigu.lit'
        to='juliet@capulet.lit'
        id='sub_1'>
        <pubsub xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub'>
          <subscription
            node='urn:xmpp:microblog:0'
            jid='juliet@capulet.lit'
            subid='some_id'
            subscription='subscribed'/>
        </pubsub>
      </iq>
    </forwarded>
  </privilege>
</iq>

pubsub.capulet.lit has now subscribed to Romeo's blog on behalf of Juliet.

7. Presence Permission

7.1 Managed Entity Presence

It can be often desirable for a privileged entity to have presence information of the managed entities (e.g. to know when to send them notificiations). As privileges must be transparent for the managed entity, this presence has to be sent by the server without modifying managed entity roster.

This is allowed in server configuration in the same way as for roster and message permissions. The "presence" type can have the following values:

If the privilege is granted, the server MUST use a directed presence from the full jid of the managed entity, to the privileged entity, as specified in RFC 6121 [5] section 4.6, on the behalf of managed entity each time its presence information change.

Only initial <presence/> stanzas and <presence/> stanzas with a 'type' attribute with the value "unavailable" are transmitted to the privileged entity, the server MUST NOT transmit any other <presence/> stanza.

Server advertises "presence" permission in the same way as for "roster" or "message" permissions, except that 'access' attribute has the value of "presence", and the 'type' attribute has a value of "managed_entity"

7.3 Server Send presence informations

Once the "presence" permission is granted, the server send presence informations:

Example 12. Server Receives Initial <presence/> from Juliet
<presence from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
  id='presence1'
  xml:lang='en'>
  <show>chat</show>
  <status>Staying on the balcony</status>
</presence>
Example 13. server redirects presence to privileged entity
<presence from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
  to='pubsub.capulet.lit'
  id='presence1'
  xml:lang='en'>
  <show>chat</show>
  <status>Staying on the balcony</status>
</presence>

7.4 Roster Presence

In addition to "managed entity presence", a privileged entity may need to know when a contact in managed entity roster is online (for example, it's necessary for a PEP service because of the presence default access model).

As for other permissions, the access is granted in server's configuration, but there is an additional restriction: the privileged entity MUST have read permission on roster namespace (i.e. 'type' attribute in allowed <perm> of access roster MUST have a value of either get or both).

If the privilege is granted, the server MUST send to the privileged entity every presence information with no 'type' attribute or with a 'type' with a value of 'unavailable' that the privileged entity is receiving or would receive if it were available. It do it in the same way as for managing entity by using directed <presence/> from the full jid of the entity from which presence information has changed, to the privileged entity. If the managed entity is unavailable but the privileged entity is available, the server MUST send <presence/> stanza to the later anyway.

Having "roster" type for "presence" permission imply that you have also implicitly "managed_entity" type.

The server MUST reject the permission if the privileged entity doesn't have read permission on roster namespace.

Note: this permission should be given carefully, as it gives access to presence of potentially a lot of entities to the privileged entity (see security considerations).

Server advertises roster "presence" permission in the same way as for other permissions, except that the 'access' attribute has the value of "presence", and the 'type' attribute has a value of "roster"

Example 14. Server Advertises Roster, Message, Managed Entity Presence and Roster Presence Privileges
<message from='capulet.net' to='pubub.capulet.lit' id='54321'>
  <privilege xmlns='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'>
    <perm access='roster' type='both' push='true'/>
    <perm access='message' type='none'/>
    <perm access='iq'>
      <namespace ns='http://jabber.org/protocol/pubsub' type='set' />
    </perm>
    <perm access='presence' type='roster'/>
  </privilege>
</message>

Note the presence of roster permission request.

7.6 Privileged Entity Receive Roster Presences

Example 15. server receives new presence from Romeo, which is in Juliet's roster
<presence from='romeo@montaigu.lit/orchard'/>
Example 16. server sends the presence as usually, but also to the privileged entity
<presence from='romeo@montaigu.lit/orchard'
          to='juliet@capulet.lit'/>
<presence from='romeo@montaigu.lit/orchard'
          to='pubsub.capulet.lit'/>

8. Business Rules

  1. For "presence" access, if a privileged entity is connected after first <presence/> stanzas have been received, the server MUST send it all the <presence/> stanzas with no 'type' attribute it would have had if it was connected first (in other words: all the presences informations for connected entities it has access to).
  2. For "presence" access, if a privileged entity is supposed to received several time the same <presence/> stanza, the server SHOULD send it only once. For example: if pubsub.capulet.lit has a "presence" access with a "roster" type for capulet.lit, and juliet@capulet.lit and nurse@capulet.it both have romeo@montague.lit in their roster. When romeo is available, pubsub.capulet.lit shoud have its <presence/> stanza only once (instead of 2 times).

9. Security Considerations

  1. Privileged entitiy has access to sensitive data, and can act as the server itself, permissions should be granted carefuly, only if you absolutely trust the entity.
  2. Roster presence is particulary sensitive, because presence informations of whole rosters are shared.
  3. IQ permission namespaces and types must be granted carefuly, as they allow component to act on behalf of any user of the server.
  4. Generaly, the server MUST NOT allow the privileged entity to do anything that the managed entity could not do.

10. IANA Considerations

This document requires no interaction with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) [8].

11. XMPP Registrar Considerations

11.1 Protocol Namespaces

The XMPP Registrar [9] includes 'urn:xmpp:privilege:2' in its registry of protocol namespaces (see <https://xmpp.org/registrar/namespaces.html>).

11.2 Protocol Versioning

If the protocol defined in this specification undergoes a revision that is not fully backwards-compatible with an older version, the XMPP Registrar shall increment the protocol version number found at the end of the XML namespaces defined herein, as described in Section 4 of XEP-0053.

12. XML Schema

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>

<xs:schema
  xmlns:xs='http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema'
  targetNamespace='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'
  xmlns='urn:xmpp:privilege:2'
  elementFormDefault='qualified'>

  <xs:element name='privilege'>
    <xs:complexType>
      <xs:element name='perm'
        maxOccurs='unbounded'>
        <xs:complexType>
          <xs:attribute name='access' use='required' type='xs:string'/>
          <xs:simpleType base='xs:NMTOKEN'>
            <xs:enumeration value='roster'/>
            <xs:enumeration value='message'/>
            <xs:enumeration value='presence'/>
          </xs:simpleType>
          <xs:attribute name='type' use='optional'>
            <xs:simpleType base='xs:NMTOKEN'>
              <xs:enumeration value='none'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='get'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='set'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='both'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='outgoing'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='managed_entity'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='roster'/>
            </xs:simpleType>
          </xs:attribute>
          <xs:attribute name='push' type='xs:boolean' use='optional' default='true' />
          <xs:element name='namespace'
            maxOccurs='unbounded'
            use='optional'>
            <xs:complexType>
              <xs:attribute name='ns' use='required' type='xs:string'/>
              <xs:attribute name='type' use='required'>
                <xs:simpleType base='xs:NMTOKEN'>
                  <xs:enumeration value='none'/>
                  <xs:enumeration value='get'/>
                  <xs:enumeration value='set'/>
                  <xs:enumeration value='both'/>
                </xs:simpleType>
              </xs:attribute>
            </xs:complexType>
          </xs:element>
        </xs:complexType>
      </xs:element>
    </xs:complexType>
  </xs:element>

  <xs:element name='privileged_iq' />

  </xs:schema>

13. Acknowledgements

Thanks to Sergey Dobrov, Dave Cridland, Steven Lloyd Watkin, Lance Stout, Johannes Hund, Kurt Zeilenga and Kevin Smith for their feedbacks. Thanks to Adrien Cossa for his typos/style corrections.

Privileged entity was initialy written to be a generic identity based access control (IBAC) which allows an entity to access sensitive data. After a discussion on standard mailing list, it has been decided to restrict the current XEP to immediate needs to build an external PEP service, and to implement separately an Attribute Based Access Control (ABAC) which is more modern, generic and flexible. This XEP is still interesting for being easy to implement and doing the job.


Appendices

Appendix A: Document Information

Series
XEP
Number
0356
Publisher
XMPP Standards Foundation
Status
Experimental
Type
Standards Track
Version
0.4
Last Updated
2022-04-01
Approving Body
XMPP Council
Dependencies
XMPP Core
Supersedes
None
Superseded By
None
Short Name
NOT_YET_ASSIGNED
Source Control
HTML

This document in other formats: XML  PDF

Appendix B: Author Information

Jérôme Poisson
Email
goffi@goffi.org
JabberID
goffi@jabber.fr

Copyright

This XMPP Extension Protocol is copyright © 1999 – 2020 by the XMPP Standards Foundation (XSF).

Permissions

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this specification (the "Specification"), to make use of the Specification without restriction, including without limitation the rights to implement the Specification in a software program, deploy the Specification in a network service, and copy, modify, merge, publish, translate, distribute, sublicense, or sell copies of the Specification, and to permit persons to whom the Specification is furnished to do so, subject to the condition that the foregoing copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Specification. Unless separate permission is granted, modified works that are redistributed shall not contain misleading information regarding the authors, title, number, or publisher of the Specification, and shall not claim endorsement of the modified works by the authors, any organization or project to which the authors belong, or the XMPP Standards Foundation.

Disclaimer of Warranty

## NOTE WELL: This Specification is provided on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, express or implied, including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions of TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ##

Limitation of Liability

In no event and under no legal theory, whether in tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise, unless required by applicable law (such as deliberate and grossly negligent acts) or agreed to in writing, shall the XMPP Standards Foundation or any author of this Specification be liable for damages, including any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising from, out of, or in connection with the Specification or the implementation, deployment, or other use of the Specification (including but not limited to damages for loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all other commercial damages or losses), even if the XMPP Standards Foundation or such author has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

IPR Conformance

This XMPP Extension Protocol has been contributed in full conformance with the XSF's Intellectual Property Rights Policy (a copy of which can be found at <https://xmpp.org/about/xsf/ipr-policy> or obtained by writing to XMPP Standards Foundation, P.O. Box 787, Parker, CO 80134 USA).

Visual Presentation

The HTML representation (you are looking at) is maintained by the XSF. It is based on the YAML CSS Framework, which is licensed under the terms of the CC-BY-SA 2.0 license.

Appendix D: Relation to XMPP

The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is defined in the XMPP Core (RFC 6120) and XMPP IM (RFC 6121) specifications contributed by the XMPP Standards Foundation to the Internet Standards Process, which is managed by the Internet Engineering Task Force in accordance with RFC 2026. Any protocol defined in this document has been developed outside the Internet Standards Process and is to be understood as an extension to XMPP rather than as an evolution, development, or modification of XMPP itself.

Appendix E: Discussion Venue

The primary venue for discussion of XMPP Extension Protocols is the <standards@xmpp.org> discussion list.

Discussion on other xmpp.org discussion lists might also be appropriate; see <https://xmpp.org/community/> for a complete list.

Errata can be sent to <editor@xmpp.org>.

Appendix F: Requirements Conformance

The following requirements keywords as used in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119: "MUST", "SHALL", "REQUIRED"; "MUST NOT", "SHALL NOT"; "SHOULD", "RECOMMENDED"; "SHOULD NOT", "NOT RECOMMENDED"; "MAY", "OPTIONAL".

Appendix G: Notes

1. XEP-0376: Pubsub Account Management <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0376.html>.

2. XEP-0114: Jabber Component Protocol <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0114.html>.

3. XEP-0163: Personal Eventing Protocol <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0163.html>.

4. XEP-0355: Namespace Delegation <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0355.html>.

5. RFC 6121: Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP): Instant Messaging and Presence <http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6121>.

6. XEP-0297: Stanza Forwarding <https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0297.html>.

7. RFC 6120: Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP): Core <http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6120>.

8. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique parameter values for Internet protocols, such as port numbers and URI schemes. For further information, see <http://www.iana.org/>.

9. The XMPP Registrar maintains a list of reserved protocol namespaces as well as registries of parameters used in the context of XMPP extension protocols approved by the XMPP Standards Foundation. For further information, see <https://xmpp.org/registrar/>.

Appendix H: Revision History

Note: Older versions of this specification might be available at https://xmpp.org/extensions/attic/

  1. Version 0.4 (2022-04-01)
    jp
  2. Version 0.3 (2017-09-11)
    Defer due to lack of activity.
    XEP Editor (jwi)
  3. Version 0.2 (2015-03-23)

    Several updates according to feedbacks + review:

    jp
  4. Version 0.1 (2015-01-27)

    Initial published version approved by the XMPP Council.

    XEP Editor (mam)
  5. Version 0.0.4 (2014-12-18)
    jp
  6. Version 0.0.3 (2014-11-13)
    jp
  7. Version 0.0.2 (2014-09-17)
    jp
  8. Version 0.0.1 (2014-05-09)

    First draft.

    jp

Appendix I: Bib(La)TeX Entry

@report{poisson2014xep0356,
  title = {Privileged Entity},
  author = {Poisson, Jérôme},
  type = {XEP},
  number = {0356},
  version = {0.4},
  institution = {XMPP Standards Foundation},
  url = {https://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0356.html},
  date = {2014-05-09/2022-04-01},
}

END