XEP-0278: Jingle Relay Nodes

Abstract:This documents specifies how Jingle Clients can interact with Jingle Relay Nodes Services and how XMPP entities can provide, search and list available Jingle Relay Nodes.
Author:Thiago Camargo
Copyright:© 1999 - 2014 XMPP Standards Foundation. SEE LEGAL NOTICES.
Status:Deferred
Type:Standards Track
Version:0.2
Last Updated:2011-06-21

WARNING: Consideration of this document has been Deferred by the XMPP Standards Foundation. Implementation of the protocol described herein is not recommended.


Table of Contents


1. Introduction
2. Requirements
3. Terminology
    3.1. Glossary
    3.2. Conventions
4. Flow Example
    4.1. Jingle Client Checks for Tracker or Relay Services on its own Server Domain
    4.2. Jingle Client Searches for Services on a Retrieved Tracker Service
    4.3. Jingle Client Searches for Services on online Roster Entries
    4.4. Jingle Client Consuming the Relay Service
5. Services Definitions
    5.1. Relay Channel Service
    5.2. Tracker Service
       5.2.1. Services Types
6. Formal Definition
    6.1. Channel Element
       6.1.1. Host Attribute
       6.1.2. Localport Attribute
       6.1.3. Remoteport Attribute
       6.1.4. Protocol Attribute
       6.1.5. Maxkbps Attribute
       6.1.6. Expire Attribute
    6.2. Services Element
7. Determining Support
8. Recommended Use Cases
    8.1. Jingle Client with RAW-UDP Transport without any NAT detection mechanism
    8.2. Jingle Client with ICE-UDP Transport with STUN support but no TURN support
    8.3. Jingle Client with ICE-UDP Transport with STUN and TURN support
    8.4. XMPP Client or Component in a Public IP
9. Implementation Notes
10. Security Considerations
11. XML Schema

Appendices
    A: Document Information
    B: Author Information
    C: Legal Notices
    D: Relation to XMPP
    E: Discussion Venue
    F: Requirements Conformance
    G: Notes
    H: Revision History


1. Introduction

Jingle Nodes is an XMPP Based Relay Service providing standard UDP/TCP Relay, but negotiated via XMPP. Jingle Relay Nodes are intend to provide easy to use Jingle Relay Type Candidates that can be used in ICE-UDP, RAW-UDP, TCP Jingle Sessions. Relay Candidates can provide NAT Traversal for Jingle users with or without STUN/TURN Support. The main benefits of Jingle Relay Nodes is the easy to use candidates, Jingle Clients can became a Node and Jingle Relay Nodes are published via XMPP, meaning every Client or Server can also act as a tracker of another Nodes and STUN Servers.

2. Requirements

Jingle Relay Nodes MUST be binded directly to a Public IP address without firewall for traffic on the port range reserved to be used by relay candidates. This is the main and unique requirement for a peer provide Relay Nodes Service. All signalling, request, response and publishing is done via XMPP, not requiring any extra stack or protocol in the Client or Server, for usage and discoveral of Nodes.

3. Terminology

3.1 Glossary

Relay
Relays are mainly used to transfer traffic to servers located on a NAT:ed (masqueraded) network, where the IP addresses on the NAT:ed network cannot be accessed from the outside. When you use an IP address that is for local use only, you must use NAT and relays because these IP addresses cannot be accessed in any other way. Relays can also be used for non-NAT:ed networks.
Jingle Relay Node
Is an instance of a Relay Service that is negotiable via XMPP, following the procedures described on this Extension.
Tracker
Is the entity that trackers Jingle Relay Nodes and also publishes the list upon request. Potentially all Jingle Clients might act as a Node Tracker.
Channel
Is the UDP/TCP Relay Channel, provided by the a Jingle Relay Node. The channel act as a NAT Traversal Channel in order to delivery and receive media.
Requester
Is the Jingle Client that makes requests and make use of a Channel. The Requester receives a relay Transport Candidate that can be used with Jingle ICE-UDP Transport Method (XEP-0176) [1] or Jingle Raw UDP Transport Method (XEP-0177) [2].

3.2 Conventions

In diagrams, the following conventions are used:

4. Flow Example

After the Jingle Clients gets succesfully connected to the XMPP Server, it MAY want to start discoverying available Relay Services in order to cache some entries. Having cached Relay Service Addresses is recommended as it speeds up the session setup time as the Client don't need to search for available Relay Services right before a session is started or received.

4.1 Jingle Client Checks for Tracker or Relay Services on its own Server Domain

A Jingle Client MAY start the search for Relay Services by querying his own XMPP Server Domain.

Note: This is a good implementation practice.

Example 1. Service List Request

<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='uw72g176'
    to='montague.lit'
    type='get'>
  <services xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'/>
</iq>
  

Example 2. Tracker Returned Known Public Relay Services

  <iq from='montague.lit'
    id='uw72g176'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'>
 <services xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'>
    <relay policy='public' address='montague.lit' protocol='udp'/>
    <tracker policy='public' address='capulet.lit' protocol='udp'/> 
    <stun policy='public' address='200.111.111.111' port='3857' protocol='udp'/>
 </services>
 </iq> 
In this example 'montague.lit' XMPP Domain a Relay Service and a Tracker Service. The Relay Service can be contacted in order to retrieve Relay Channels. The Tracker Service can be contacted in order to retrieve its known services.

4.2 Jingle Client Searches for Services on a Retrieved Tracker Service

A Jingle Client MAY NOT be satisfied with only one Relay Service entry found. So it keeps the search on the known Tracker Services.

Example 3. Service List Request

<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='uw72g177'
    to='capulet.lit'
    type='get'>
  <services xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'/>
</iq>
  

Example 4. Tracker Returned Known Public Relay Services

  <iq from='capulet.lit'
    id='uw72g177'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'>
 <services xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'/>
 </iq> 
In this example 'capulet.lit' returned an empty service list, meaning that it does NOT known ANY Relay or Tracker Services.

4.3 Jingle Client Searches for Services on online Roster Entries

A Jingle Client MAY NOT be satisfied with only one Relay Service entry found. So it keeps the search on his Roster Items until find the desired amount of Relay Services, or while it does NOT exceed a search depth or ANY other Client implementation policy. The Client SHOULD keep a list of visited Tracker Services in order to avoid searching twice in same Service Entity.

Example 5. Service List Request

<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='uw72g177'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='get'>
  <services xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'/>
</iq>
  

Example 6. Tracker Returned Known Public Relay Services

  <iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='uw72g177'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'>
 <services xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'>
    <relay policy='roster' address='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony' protocol='udp'/>
 </services>
 </iq> 

In this example 'juliet@capulet.lit/balcony' returned a Relay Service entry that is restricted to its roster. This Service is usable as the requester has 'juliet@capulet.lit/balcony' on its roster. Although, services with policy 'roster' MUST NOT be listed in Tracker Responses expects in Tracker Responses that comes from the Service Entity itself, in this case 'juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'.

In the presented example 'romeo@montague.lit/orchard' knows that 'juliet@capulet.lit/balcony' provides Relay Service, but if another entity requests 'romeo@montague.lit/orchard' its known services, it MUST NOT include 'juliet@capulet.lit/balcony' as it is a roster restricted entry.

4.4 Jingle Client Consuming the Relay Service

A Jingle Client with Internet connectivity wheter with direct access to a public IP or not, can potentially provide the Relay Service becaming itself a Jingle Relay Node. The service can intend to provide a public service, or a restricted services based on user preferences, like buddylist, whitelist, blacklist, domain, etc...

Note: It is NOT mandatory to became a Jingle Relay Node it is OPTIONAL and SHOULD be done ONLY under user awareness and concentiment.

Example 7. UDP Relay Channel request

<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='uw72g176'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='get'>
  <channel xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes#channel' protocol='udp'/>
</iq>
  

Example 8. Candidate Returned by a Node with channel bandwidth throttle

  <iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='uw72g176'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'>
<channel component='1'
 id='el0747fg11'
 host='200.20.2.10'
 localport='35800'
 remoteport='35802'
 protocol='udp'
 maxkbps='120'
 expire='60'/>
 </iq> 

After receiving the <channel/> the requester MUST send his stream to 'host' and 'localport' pair and send a <candidate/> containing the 'host' and 'remoteport' values.

5. Services Definitions

5.1 Relay Channel Service

A Relay Channel Service is responsible for providing the actual Relay Services. It will receive Channel Requests, allocate the Relay Channel and return the ready to use details. If a Jingle Client knows the service address of one valid and reliable Relay Service, that is enough for place and receive Jingle Calls and transmit both ways media streams based on UDP.

Relay Channel Services support can be discovered by searching using Tracker Services. It can also be discovered by service discovery described in this document.

Note: Jingle Relay Channels can be used with RAW-UDP and ICE-UDP Jingle Transports.

5.2 Tracker Service

A Tracker Service is responsible for providing addresses of known Relay Channel Services and other Tracker Services as well.

5.2.1 Services Types

Tracker entries MUST contain a 'type' attribute that represents the usage policy according to the table below:

Table 1: Types of Service Usage Policy

Type Definition
public Relays Services that are meant and opened for public usage, SHOULD use the type 'public'. Meaning that every user can make use of its services. This type SHOULD be published by Tracker Services.
roster Relay Services that only provides Channels for users that are in it own roster, SHOULD use the type 'roster'. Meaning that only presence subscribed buddies can make use of its service. Common usage is XMPP Clients with Relay Services Capabilities. This type SHOULD NOT be published by Tracker Services as if it is roster only, the requester SHOULD have the entity already added to his roster, which also mean that it SHOULD be discoverable on roster level.

6. Formal Definition

6.1 Channel Element

The <channel/> element MUST be empty.

The attributes of the <channel/> element are as follows.

Table 2: Attributes of Channel Element

Attribute Definition Inclusion
id A random candidate identifier generated by the Relay Service, which effectively maps to the created Channel; this SHOULD match the XML Nmtoken production [3] so that XML character escaping is not needed for characters such as '&'. In some situations the Jingle session identifier might have security implications. See RFC 4086 [4] regarding requirements for randomness. REQUIRED on response, NOT RECOMMENDED on requests
host The IP address or Host address of the Relay Channel. REQUIRED on response
localport The port number to be used by the channel requester. REQUIRED on response
remoteport The port number to be offered to the remote party. REQUIRED on response
protocol The protocol supported by the retrieved channel. REQUIRED on response
maxkbps The maximum bandwidth supported by the channel. OPTIONAL on response, NOT RECOMMENDED on requests.
expire The maximum amount of seconds that the channel can stay without receiving packets, without being deactivated and closed. REQUIRED

6.1.1 Host Attribute

The value of the 'host' attribute MUST be one IP address or a DNS resolvable address. That is the address to be used on candidate offering and also the IP to be used when sending out the media traffic.

6.1.2 Localport Attribute

The value of the 'localport' attribute MUST be a valid IP Port number. This port MUST be used as the media traffic destination port of the channel requester. Session Initiator and responder MUST NOT offer this port.

The rule is simple and unique, the requester of the channel MUST send the media streams to 'localport' and use 'remoteport' in the 'candidate' element to be offered in the Jingle Session.

For transparent compatibility with major RTP Proxy Deployments, an RCTP Port is allocated and defined by default at Localport Attribute Value plus one. (Localport + 1)

6.1.3 Remoteport Attribute

The value of the 'remoteport' attribute MUST be a valid IP Port number. This port MUST be used as media traffic destination port of the other party. Channel requester MUST use this port value in the candidate offer in combination with the 'host' attribute. Channel requester MUST NOT send any media stream to this port.

For transparent compatibility with major RTP Proxy Deployments, an RCTP Port is allocated and defined by default at Remoteport Attribute Value plus one. (Localport + 1)

6.1.4 Protocol Attribute

The value of the 'protocol' attribute MUST be a valid protocol value: 'udp' or 'tcp' as also defined in the XML Schema

6.1.5 Maxkbps Attribute

The value of the 'maxkbps' attribute MUST be a valid integer value representing the maximum kilobits per seconds the channel supports. This attribute is optional and MAY be used in Relay Channel with bandwidth limitation.

6.1.6 Expire Attribute

The value of the 'expire' attribute MUST be a valid integer value representing the maximum seconds that the channel can stay without receiving any traffic without being deactivated and closed. This attribute is required and SHOULD be used in all Relay Channels.

6.2 Services Element

The <services/> element MAY be empty or contain <relay/> and/or <tracker/> elements.

The attributes of the <relay/> and <tracker/> element are as follows.

Table 3: Attributes of Relay and Tracker Elements

Attribute Definition Inclusion
policy The policy of the service. If the service is public, MUST be 'public' if it is restricted to roster, MUST be 'roster'. REQUIRED
address For Relay and Tracker Services the JID. For STUN Service the IP or Host address. REQUIRED
protocol The protocol supported by the retrieved service. REQUIRED
port The port number of the STUN service. This field is only used in STUN Service entries. REQUIRED for STUN entries

7. Determining Support

To advertise its support for the Jingle Nodes support, when replying to Service Discovery (XEP-0030) [5] information requests an entity MUST return URNs for any version of this protocol that the entity supports -- e.g., "http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes" for this version(see Namespace Versioning regarding the possibility of incrementing the version number).

If the entity supports, Jingle Nodes as a Tracker, it MUST reply to Service Discovery (XEP-0030) [6] with "http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes". If it also provides the Jingle Nodes Relay Services, it MUST reply with the URN "http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes#channel".

For optimization purpose the Client SHOULD check for Jingle Nodes support based on entity presence capabilities Entity Capabilities (XEP-0115) [7], which SHOULD contain the keywork "jn-v0".

Example 9. Service discovery information request

<iq from='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    id='uw72g176'
    to='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    type='get'>
  <query xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/disco#info'/>
</iq>
  

Example 10. Service discovery information response

<iq from='juliet@capulet.lit/balcony'
    id='uw72g176'
    to='romeo@montague.lit/orchard'
    type='result'>
  <query xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/disco#info'>
     <feature var='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'/>
    <feature var='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes#channel'/>
  </query>
</iq>
  

In order for an application to determine whether an entity supports this protocol, where possible it SHOULD use the dynamic, presence-based profile of service discovery defined in Entity Capabilities (XEP-0115) [8]. However, if an application has not received entity capabilities information from an entity, it SHOULD use explicit service discovery instead.

8. Recommended Use Cases

8.1 Jingle Client with RAW-UDP Transport without any NAT detection mechanism

A Jingle Client with only RAW-UDP support and any NAT detection mechanism can make use of Jingle Nodes. Although the traversal is not guarantee due problem with NAT configuration or firewalls, this method is fairly efficient as most SIP legacy services still provides their services in a similar way, meaning that this has the exactly same accertivity and reliability than regular SIP Services. This method is extremelly useful specially for simple platforms like mobile and clients in early stage of development that still wants to offer voice and video support.

Note: This use case is also similar to a Jingle to SIP Interoperability Service.

8.2 Jingle Client with ICE-UDP Transport with STUN support but no TURN support

A Jingle Client with STUN support but no TURN support can use Relay Node Services as the fallback candidate instead of a TURN candidate. For instance, after a connectivity check proccess, none of the direct candidates worked. The Client can use the Relay Node Candidate as the fallback candidate(the lowest priority candidate).

8.3 Jingle Client with ICE-UDP Transport with STUN and TURN support

A Jingle Client with STUN and TURN support still might need a Relay Candidate, specially as TURN servers are not widely deployed and don't have any mechanism to publish available services for users. TURN servers also requires specific UDP traffic in specific port ranges which can be blocked by users networks. In this case is very useful to have an extra fallback candidate that can be negotiated via XMPP rather than over UDP.

Note: Jingle Relay Nodes Services are much more likely to be found and be available than TURN servers, as users can also provide Jingle Relay Nodes services themselves or provide a list of known and available services, in this last case behaving a tracker. Is very likely that Jingle Relay Nodes will be available and discovered more easily and often than TURN servers.

8.4 XMPP Client or Component in a Public IP

A XMPP Client or Component with direct access to a public IP can potentially provide the UDP Relay Service becaming itself a Jingle Relay Node. The service can intend to provide a public service, or a restricted services based on user preferences, like buddylist, whitelist, blacklist, domain, etc...

Note: It is NOT mandatory to became a Jingle Relay Node. This is OPTIONAL and SHOULD be done with user awareness and concentiment.

9. Implementation Notes

When using a candidate provided by a Jingle Relay Service, the Jingle Client MUST set the candidate attribute to 'relay'. In order to make sure the other client won't allocate another channel as well. Which would lead in audio connectivity issues. In brief, if the caller is using a Relay Candidate the calle MUST NOT use another Relay Candidate discovered by itself. If a caller is not using a Relay Candidate(which can be determined by the candidate 'type' attribute) the callee MAY use a Relay Candidate in order to ensure communication.

10. Security Considerations

Relay Channels auto expires MUST expire on traffic inactivity. The inactivity timeout recommended is 60 seconds.

It is heavily recommended that the Super Node implements throttle:

11. XML Schema

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>

<xs:schema
    xmlns:xs='http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema'
    targetNamespace='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'
    xmlns='http://jabber.org/protocol/jinglenodes'
    elementFormDefault='qualified'>

  <xs:element name='channel'>
        <xs:attribute name='id' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
        <xs:attribute name='host' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
        <xs:attribute name='localport' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
        <xs:attribute name='remoteport' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
  <xs:attribute name='protocol' use='required'>
          <xs:simpleType>
            <xs:restriction base='xs:NCName'>
              <xs:enumeration value='udp'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='tcp'/>
            </xs:restriction>
          </xs:simpleType>
        </xs:attribute>
        <xs:attribute name='maxkbps' type='xs:string' use='optional'/>
        <xs:attribute name='expire' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
  </xs:element>

  <xs:element name='services'>
    <xs:complexType>
      <xs:sequence>
        <xs:element name='relay' 
                    type='serviceElementType'
                    minOccurs='0'
                    maxOccurs='unbounded'/>
        <xs:element name='tracker' 
                    type='serviceElementType'
                    minOccurs='0'
                    maxOccurs='unbounded'/>                    
        <xs:element name='stun' 
                    type='serviceElementType'
                    minOccurs='0'
                    maxOccurs='unbounded'/>                    
      </xs:sequence>
    </xs:complexType>
  </xs:element>

  <xs:complexType name='serviceElementType'>
    <xs:simpleContent>
      <xs:extension base='empty'>
        <xs:attribute name='address' type='xs:string' use='required'/>
        <xs:attribute name='port' type='xs:string' use='optional'/>
        <xs:attribute name='policy' use='required'>
          <xs:simpleType>
            <xs:restriction base='xs:NCName'>
              <xs:enumeration value='public'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='roster'/>
            </xs:restriction>
          </xs:simpleType>
        </xs:attribute>
        <xs:attribute name='protocol' use='required'>
          <xs:simpleType>
            <xs:restriction base='xs:NCName'>
              <xs:enumeration value='udp'/>
              <xs:enumeration value='tcp'/>
            </xs:restriction>
          </xs:simpleType>
        </xs:attribute>
      </xs:extension>
    </xs:simpleContent>
  </xs:complexType>

  <xs:simpleType name='empty'>
    <xs:restriction base='xs:string'>
      <xs:enumeration value=''/>
    </xs:restriction>
  </xs:simpleType>

</xs:schema>
  

Appendices


Appendix A: Document Information

Series: XEP
Number: 0278
Publisher: XMPP Standards Foundation
Status: Deferred
Type: Standards Track
Version: 0.2
Last Updated: 2011-06-21
Approving Body: XMPP Council
Dependencies: XMPP Core, XEP-0166, XEP-0177
Supersedes: None
Superseded By: None
Short Name: jinglenodes
Source Control: HTML
This document in other formats: XML  PDF


Appendix B: Author Information

Thiago Camargo

Email: thiago@xmppjingle.com
JabberID: barata7@gmail.com


Appendix C: Legal Notices

Copyright

This XMPP Extension Protocol is copyright © 1999 - 2014 by the XMPP Standards Foundation (XSF).

Permissions

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this specification (the "Specification"), to make use of the Specification without restriction, including without limitation the rights to implement the Specification in a software program, deploy the Specification in a network service, and copy, modify, merge, publish, translate, distribute, sublicense, or sell copies of the Specification, and to permit persons to whom the Specification is furnished to do so, subject to the condition that the foregoing copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Specification. Unless separate permission is granted, modified works that are redistributed shall not contain misleading information regarding the authors, title, number, or publisher of the Specification, and shall not claim endorsement of the modified works by the authors, any organization or project to which the authors belong, or the XMPP Standards Foundation.

Disclaimer of Warranty

## NOTE WELL: This Specification is provided on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, express or implied, including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions of TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ##

Limitation of Liability

In no event and under no legal theory, whether in tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise, unless required by applicable law (such as deliberate and grossly negligent acts) or agreed to in writing, shall the XMPP Standards Foundation or any author of this Specification be liable for damages, including any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising from, out of, or in connection with the Specification or the implementation, deployment, or other use of the Specification (including but not limited to damages for loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all other commercial damages or losses), even if the XMPP Standards Foundation or such author has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

IPR Conformance

This XMPP Extension Protocol has been contributed in full conformance with the XSF's Intellectual Property Rights Policy (a copy of which can be found at <http://xmpp.org/about-xmpp/xsf/xsf-ipr-policy/> or obtained by writing to XMPP Standards Foundation, 1899 Wynkoop Street, Suite 600, Denver, CO 80202 USA).

Appendix D: Relation to XMPP

The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is defined in the XMPP Core (RFC 6120) and XMPP IM (RFC 6121) specifications contributed by the XMPP Standards Foundation to the Internet Standards Process, which is managed by the Internet Engineering Task Force in accordance with RFC 2026. Any protocol defined in this document has been developed outside the Internet Standards Process and is to be understood as an extension to XMPP rather than as an evolution, development, or modification of XMPP itself.


Appendix E: Discussion Venue

The primary venue for discussion of XMPP Extension Protocols is the <standards@xmpp.org> discussion list.

Discussion on other xmpp.org discussion lists might also be appropriate; see <http://xmpp.org/about/discuss.shtml> for a complete list.

Errata can be sent to <editor@xmpp.org>.


Appendix F: Requirements Conformance

The following requirements keywords as used in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119: "MUST", "SHALL", "REQUIRED"; "MUST NOT", "SHALL NOT"; "SHOULD", "RECOMMENDED"; "SHOULD NOT", "NOT RECOMMENDED"; "MAY", "OPTIONAL".


Appendix G: Notes

1. XEP-0176: Jingle ICE-UDP Transport Method <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0176.html>.

2. XEP-0177: Jingle Raw UDP Transport Method <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0177.html>.

3. See <http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-20000814#NT-Nmtoken>

4. RFC 4086: Randomness Requirements for Security <http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4086>.

5. XEP-0030: Service Discovery <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0030.html>.

6. XEP-0030: Service Discovery <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0030.html>.

7. XEP-0115: Entity Capabilities <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0115.html>.

8. XEP-0115: Entity Capabilities <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0115.html>.


Appendix H: Revision History

Note: Older versions of this specification might be available at http://xmpp.org/extensions/attic/

Version 0.2 (2011-06-21)

Added STUN Service Tracking Support. Removed Public IP requirement for Relay Service.

(tc)

Version 0.1 (2010-03-05)

Initial published version.

(psa)

Version 0.0.1 (2009-12-17)

First draft.

(tc)

END