When offering a Jingle session, it can be helpful to provide a small preview of the offered content to help the session responder decide whether to accept or reject the session.
This is particularly useful for file transfer content (especially image files), but can also be used for things such as video (e.g. using a still frame from the stream as the preview thumbnail), and even audio by using a small image of album cover art.
This documents defines a way to include a thumbnail image as an additional metadata in a Jingle content description.
When a client wishes to supply a thumbnail in a content offer, it can do so by including an extra <thumbnail/> element as shown in the following example:
Thumbnails MAY be included for Jingle content other than file transfer. For example, with Jingle RTP video a thumbnail could be included to show who is calling (either by capturing a still frame from the input stream or by using an existing profile image):
Multiple <thumbnail/> elements MAY be included to provide thumbnails of different sizes, media types, or URIs.
If the provided URI has the scheme 'cid', then the thumbnail data MAY be requested using Bits of Binary (XEP-0231) .
The following attributes are defined for the <thumbnail/> element.
|uri||A URI where the thumbnail data can be accessed (typically by using a URI scheme of 'cid:', 'https:', or 'http:'). If the URI scheme is 'cid:' then the identifier MUST refer to a bit of binary data as described in Bits of Binary (XEP-0231) ||REQUIRED|
|media-type||The value of the 'media-type' attribute MUST match the syntax specified in RFC 2045 . That is, the value MUST include a top-level media type, the "/" character, and a subtype; in addition, it MAY include one or more optional parameters. The "type/subtype" string SHOULD be registered in the IANA MIME Media Types Registry , but MAY be an unregistered or yet-to-be-registered value.||RECOMMENDED|
|width||The intended display width of the thumbnail image. Used as a hint for the receiving client to prepare the appropriate UI, such as a dialog window.||OPTIONAL|
|height||The intended display height of the thumbnail image. Used as a hint for the receiving client to prepare the appropriate UI, such as a dialog window.||OPTIONAL|
The inclusion of an image thumbnail may leak information about a transfer otherwise taking place on an e2e encrypted file transfer stream. A client MAY wish to not include a thumbnail.
A client MUST NOT rely on the values specified for the width and height of a thumbnail to allocate a bitmap data buffer for the thumbnail, to prevent possible DoS attacks. Also a client SHOULD apply implementation-specific limits on the thumbnails, if using these values to pepare a UI element for the thumbnail image, e.g. with dimensions of 128x128 pixels, values exceeding these would then be truncated and the thumbnail image scaled down when received.
This document requires no interaction with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) .
This specification defines the following XML namespace:
If the protocol defined in this specification undergoes a revision that is not fully backwards-compatible with an older version, the XMPP Registrar shall increment the protocol version number found at the end of the XML namespaces defined herein, as described in Section 4 of XEP-0053.
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Note: Older versions of this specification might be available at http://xmpp.org/extensions/attic/
Changed format to use generic 'uri' attribute to allow for 'https:' and 'http:' URIs in addition to BoB 'cid:' URIs.
Indicated that multiple thumbnails may be present.
Expanded scope of use cases to be Jingle content in general, not just file transfer.
Fixed typo in author's name :).
Add paragraph in security section about protecting against malicious thumbnail dimensions in offer. Fixed a typo.
Initial published version.
Split use-case section into "Introduction", "Requirements", and "Use case".
Removed service disovery. Added missing namespace on thumnail elements.