XEP-0057: Extended Roster

Abstract:This document defines a way to handle extended roster items.
Author:Alexey Shchepin
Copyright:© 1999 - 2014 XMPP Standards Foundation. SEE LEGAL NOTICES.
Status:Retracted
Type:Standards Track
Version:0.2
Last Updated:2003-04-28

WARNING: This document has been retracted by the author(s). Implementation of the protocol described herein is not recommended. Developers desiring similar functionality are advised to implement the protocol that supersedes this one (if any).


Table of Contents


1. Introduction
2. What we need to store
3. Where to store
4. How to store
    4.1. General information
    4.2. Server-side information
    4.3. Client-side information
       4.3.1. Generic JIDs
       4.3.2. Client JIDs
       4.3.3. Conference JIDs
    4.4. Complete example

Appendices
    A: Document Information
    B: Author Information
    C: Legal Notices
    D: Relation to XMPP
    E: Discussion Venue
    F: Requirements Conformance
    G: Notes
    H: Revision History


1. Introduction

The main purpose of this document is to make roster not only a "contact list", but also a "list of useful items". This means that the user has the ability to store not only users' JIDs, but any JID that he wants to quickly access with more information than just the name, subscription and roster groups.

2. What we need to store

All information, that can be stored for each item can be divided into three categories:

  1. Information necessary only for server-side. E.g. we can have a server module that can process "visibility" to each user in roster (by sending custom presence to this user automatically, without special client-side support of this).
  2. Information, neccessary only for client-side. E.g. user description of this item.
  3. Information for both sides. This is at least the JID, category and type.

3. Where to store

Using jabber:iq:private as in Bookmark Storage (XEP-0048) [1] for storing this information has one big problem: it is hard to mantain roster data in two separate places. When a client is online, then the client application can handle jabber:iq:roster changes and make similar changes in private storage, but when the user is online with a few different resources, or when he is offline, then making the information consistent is very hard task (a roster can be changed when user offline, e.g. if someone is making an account transfer).

But we have a place where this problem does not exist: jabber:iq:roster. We can store it in <item/> subtags. Existing server implementation MUST NOT remove <x/> tags from it. In this case all information always relates to its JID and disappears when this JID removed.

4. How to store

4.1 General information

JID, category and type are stored as attributes of <item/> tag. Categories and types are the same as in disco. Official categories and types associated with disco are administered by the XMPP Registrar [2] see <http://xmpp.org/registrar/disco-categories.html>.

Example 1.

<item jid="jdev@conference.jabber.org"
      category="conference"
      type="text">

4.2 Server-side information

This information is implementation-dependent, so to provide flexibility for it, the jabber:x:data namespace defined in Data Forms (XEP-0004) [3] must be used. The client can set these parameters by setting this item with this form with type='submit'.

Example 2.

<item jid="romeo@montague.net"
      name="Romeo" 
      subscription="both">
  <x xmlns='jabber:x:data' type='form'>
    <field type='list-single' label='Visibility' var='visibility'>
      <value>visible</value>
      <option label='Normal'>
        <value>normal</value>
      </option>
      <option label='Always visible'>
        <value>visible</value>
      </option>
      <option label='Always invisible'>
        <value>invisible</value>
      </option>
    </field>
  </x>
  ...
</item>

4.3 Client-side information

This information stored in <x/> tag with namespace jabber:x:roster:item. Following subtags can be used for diferent types of JIDs, however client applications can make this set bigger, to implement more functions.

4.3.1 Generic JIDs

For all categories and types of JID allowed following subtag:

4.3.2 Client JIDs

For all JIDs with category=client allowed following subtags:

4.3.3 Conference JIDs

For all JIDs with category=conference allowed following subtags:

Example 3.

<x xmlns="jabber:x:roster:item">
  <always-visible/>
  <desc>My old good friend</desc>
</x>

4.4 Complete example

Example 4.

<iq id="roster_1" type="result">
  <query xmlns="jabber:iq:roster">
    <item jid="romeo@montague.net"
  	name="Romeo" 
        category="user"
  	type="client"
  	subscription="both">
      <x xmlns="jabber:x:roster:item">
        <always-visible/>
        <desc>bla bla bla</desc>
      </x>
      <x xmlns='jabber:x:data' type='form'>
        <field type='list-single' label='Visibility' var='visibility'>
          <value>visible</value>
          <option label='Normal'>
            <value>normal</value>
          </option>
          <option label='Always visible'>
            <value>visible</value>
          </option>
          <option label='Always invisible'>
            <value>invisible</value>
          </option>
        </field>
      </x>
    </item>
    <item jid="jdev@conference.jabber.org"
  	name="Developers Zone" 
          category="conference"
  	type="text"
  	subscription="none">
      <x xmlns="jabber:x:roster:item">
        <password>bigsecret</password>
        <auto-join/>
        <nick>aleksey</nick>
        <nick>alexey</nick>
        <desc>Jabber developers talks</desc>
      </x>
    </item>
  </query>
</iq> 

Appendices


Appendix A: Document Information

Series: XEP
Number: 0057
Publisher: XMPP Standards Foundation
Status: Retracted
Type: Standards Track
Version: 0.2
Last Updated: 2003-04-28
Approving Body: XMPP Council
Dependencies: None
Supersedes: None
Superseded By: None
Short Name: None
Source Control: HTML
This document in other formats: XML  PDF


Appendix B: Author Information

Alexey Shchepin

Email: alexey@sevcom.net
JabberID: aleksey@jabber.ru


Appendix C: Legal Notices

Copyright

This XMPP Extension Protocol is copyright © 1999 - 2014 by the XMPP Standards Foundation (XSF).

Permissions

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this specification (the "Specification"), to make use of the Specification without restriction, including without limitation the rights to implement the Specification in a software program, deploy the Specification in a network service, and copy, modify, merge, publish, translate, distribute, sublicense, or sell copies of the Specification, and to permit persons to whom the Specification is furnished to do so, subject to the condition that the foregoing copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Specification. Unless separate permission is granted, modified works that are redistributed shall not contain misleading information regarding the authors, title, number, or publisher of the Specification, and shall not claim endorsement of the modified works by the authors, any organization or project to which the authors belong, or the XMPP Standards Foundation.

Disclaimer of Warranty

## NOTE WELL: This Specification is provided on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, express or implied, including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions of TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ##

Limitation of Liability

In no event and under no legal theory, whether in tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise, unless required by applicable law (such as deliberate and grossly negligent acts) or agreed to in writing, shall the XMPP Standards Foundation or any author of this Specification be liable for damages, including any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising from, out of, or in connection with the Specification or the implementation, deployment, or other use of the Specification (including but not limited to damages for loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all other commercial damages or losses), even if the XMPP Standards Foundation or such author has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

IPR Conformance

This XMPP Extension Protocol has been contributed in full conformance with the XSF's Intellectual Property Rights Policy (a copy of which can be found at <http://xmpp.org/about-xmpp/xsf/xsf-ipr-policy/> or obtained by writing to XMPP Standards Foundation, 1899 Wynkoop Street, Suite 600, Denver, CO 80202 USA).

Appendix D: Relation to XMPP

The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is defined in the XMPP Core (RFC 6120) and XMPP IM (RFC 6121) specifications contributed by the XMPP Standards Foundation to the Internet Standards Process, which is managed by the Internet Engineering Task Force in accordance with RFC 2026. Any protocol defined in this document has been developed outside the Internet Standards Process and is to be understood as an extension to XMPP rather than as an evolution, development, or modification of XMPP itself.


Appendix E: Discussion Venue

The primary venue for discussion of XMPP Extension Protocols is the <standards@xmpp.org> discussion list.

Discussion on other xmpp.org discussion lists might also be appropriate; see <http://xmpp.org/about/discuss.shtml> for a complete list.

Errata can be sent to <editor@xmpp.org>.


Appendix F: Requirements Conformance

The following requirements keywords as used in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119: "MUST", "SHALL", "REQUIRED"; "MUST NOT", "SHALL NOT"; "SHOULD", "RECOMMENDED"; "SHOULD NOT", "NOT RECOMMENDED"; "MAY", "OPTIONAL".


Appendix G: Notes

1. XEP-0048: Bookmark Storage <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0048.html>.

2. The XMPP Registrar maintains a list of reserved protocol namespaces as well as registries of parameters used in the context of XMPP extension protocols approved by the XMPP Standards Foundation. For further information, see <http://xmpp.org/registrar/>.

3. XEP-0004: Data Forms <http://xmpp.org/extensions/xep-0004.html>.


Appendix H: Revision History

Note: Older versions of this specification might be available at http://xmpp.org/extensions/attic/

Version 0.2 (2003-04-28)

Changed the status to Retracted at the request of the author, since the proposed protocol was incompatible with XMPP and clients have begun using jabber:iq:private for this kind of functionality. (psa)

Version 0.1 (2002-11-12)

Initial version. (as)

END