XMPP protocol extensions already define methods for peer-to-peer file transfer such as SI File Transfer (XEP-0096)  or Jingle File Transfer (XEP-0234)  however due to their very nature of being peer-to-peer they don't work very well in scenarios where it is requeried to send a file to multiple recipients or multiple resources of the same recipient at once. They also don’t work alongside offline storage, MUC history and Message Archive Management (XEP-0313) .
Uploading files manually to an HTTP server and sharing the link has been a workaround for this for a long time now. While users have a variety of services to choose from the downside of this manual approach is that an XMPP client can not automate this process on behalf of the user since these services don’t share a common API. Furthermore using a third party service would probably require the user to enter additional credentials into their XMPP client specifically for the file upload.
This XEP defines an approach to request permissions from another entity to upload a file to a specific path on an HTTP server and at the same time receive an URL from which that file can later be downloaded again. These tuples consisting of a PUT and a GET-URL are called slots.
An entity advertises support for this protocol by including the "urn:xmpp:http:upload:0" in its service discovery information features as specified in Service Discovery (XEP-0030)  or section 6.3 of Entity Capabilities (XEP-0115) . To avoid unnecessary round trips an entity SHOULD also include the maximum file size as specified in Service Discovery Extensions (XEP-0128)  if such a limitation exists. The field name MUST be "max-file-size" and the value MUST be in bytes.
A user’s server SHOULD include any known entities that provide such services into its service discovery items.
A client requests a new upload slot by sending an IQ-get to the upload service containing a <request> child element qualified by the urn:xmpp:http:upload:0 namespace. This element MUST include the attributes filename and size containing the file name and size respectively.
An additional attribute content-type containing the Content-Type is OPTIONAL.
The upload service responds with both a PUT and a GET URL wrapped by a <slot> element. The service SHOULD keep the file name and especially the file ending intact. Using the same hostname for PUT and GET is OPTIONAL. The host MUST provide Transport Layer Security (RFC 5246 ). Both HTTPS URLs MUST adhere to RFC 3986 . Non ASCII characters MUST be percent-encoded.
The <put> element MAY also contain a number of <header> elements which correspond to HTTP header fields. Each <header> element MUST have a name-attribute and a content with the value of the header. Only the following header names are allowed: Authorization, Cookie, Expires. Other header names MUST be ignored by the requesting entity and MUST NOT be included in the HTTP request. The requesting entity MUST strip any newline characters from the header name and value before performing the HTTP request.
Instead of providing the client with a slot the service MAY respond with an error if the requested file size is too large. In addition the entity MAY inform the requester about the maximum file size.
For any other type of error the service SHOULD respond with appropriate error types to indicate temporary or permanent errors.
For temporary errors such as exceeding a personal quota the service MAY include a <retry/> element qualified by the urn:xmpp:http:upload:0 namespace as a child of the <error/> element. The retry element MUST include an attribute 'stamp' which indicates the time at which the requesting entity may try again. The format of the timestamp MUST adhere to the date-time format specified in XMPP Date and Time Profiles (XEP-0082)  and MUST be expressed in UTC.
The actual upload of the file happens via HTTP-PUT and is out of scope of this document. The upload service MUST reject the file upload if the Content-Length does not match the size of the slot request. The service SHOULD reject the file if the Content-Type has been specified beforehand and does not match. The service MAY assume application/octet-stream as a Content-Type if it the client did not specify a Content-Type at all.
In addition to the Content-Length and Content-Type header the client MUST include all allowed headers that came with the slot assignment.
There is no further XMPP communication required between the upload service and the client. A HTTP status Code of 201 means that the server is now ready to serve the file via the provided GET URL. If the upload fails for whatever reasons the client MAY request a new slot.
The upload service SHOULD choose an appropriate timeout for the validity of the PUT URL. Since there is no reason for a client to wait between requesting the slot and starting the upload, relatively low timeout values of around 300s are RECOMMENDED.
To make HTTP Upload work in web clients (including those hosted on a different domain) the upload service SHOULD set appropriate CORS-Headers. The exact headers and values are out of scope of this document but may include: Access-Control-Allow-Origin, Access-Control-Allow-Methods and Access-Control-Allow-Headers. For HTTP upload services that use custom Authorization or Cookie request header the CORS-Header Access-Control-Allow-Credentials might also be of importance.
Note: This section is not normative; it may be updated when general web security recommendations change in the future.
It is recommended to run the HTTP upload domain used for GET requests in appropriate isolation from other HTTP based services to avoid user-generated, malicious scripts to be executed in the context of said services. Isolation techniques can include, but are not limited to, setting the Content-Security-Policy.
The provided policy will prohibit a browser from executing all active content from the HTTP upload domain (default-src 'none') and forbid embedding it from other pages (frame-ancestors 'none'). More information on Content-Security-Policy can be found on infosec.mozilla.org.
Further isolation can be achieved by hosting those files on an entirely different domain instead of using subdomains.
This document requires no interaction with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).
This specification defines the following XML namespace:
Upon advancement of this specification from a status of Experimental to a status of Draft, the XMPP Registrar  shall add the foregoing namespace to the registry located at <https://xmpp.org/registrar/namespaces.html>, as described in Section 4 of XMPP Registrar Function (XEP-0053) .
This document in other formats: XML PDF
This XMPP Extension Protocol is copyright © 1999 – 2020 by the XMPP Standards Foundation (XSF).
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this specification (the "Specification"), to make use of the Specification without restriction, including without limitation the rights to implement the Specification in a software program, deploy the Specification in a network service, and copy, modify, merge, publish, translate, distribute, sublicense, or sell copies of the Specification, and to permit persons to whom the Specification is furnished to do so, subject to the condition that the foregoing copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Specification. Unless separate permission is granted, modified works that are redistributed shall not contain misleading information regarding the authors, title, number, or publisher of the Specification, and shall not claim endorsement of the modified works by the authors, any organization or project to which the authors belong, or the XMPP Standards Foundation.
## NOTE WELL: This Specification is provided on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, express or implied, including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions of TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ##
In no event and under no legal theory, whether in tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise, unless required by applicable law (such as deliberate and grossly negligent acts) or agreed to in writing, shall the XMPP Standards Foundation or any author of this Specification be liable for damages, including any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising from, out of, or in connection with the Specification or the implementation, deployment, or other use of the Specification (including but not limited to damages for loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all other commercial damages or losses), even if the XMPP Standards Foundation or such author has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
This XMPP Extension Protocol has been contributed in full conformance with the XSF's Intellectual Property Rights Policy (a copy of which can be found at <https://xmpp.org/about/xsf/ipr-policy> or obtained by writing to XMPP Standards Foundation, P.O. Box 787, Parker, CO 80134 USA).
The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is defined in the XMPP Core (RFC 6120) and XMPP IM (RFC 6121) specifications contributed by the XMPP Standards Foundation to the Internet Standards Process, which is managed by the Internet Engineering Task Force in accordance with RFC 2026. Any protocol defined in this document has been developed outside the Internet Standards Process and is to be understood as an extension to XMPP rather than as an evolution, development, or modification of XMPP itself.
The primary venue for discussion of XMPP Extension Protocols is the <firstname.lastname@example.org> discussion list.
Discussion on other xmpp.org discussion lists might also be appropriate; see <http://xmpp.org/about/discuss.shtml> for a complete list.
Errata can be sent to <email@example.com>.
The following requirements keywords as used in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119: "MUST", "SHALL", "REQUIRED"; "MUST NOT", "SHALL NOT"; "SHOULD", "RECOMMENDED"; "SHOULD NOT", "NOT RECOMMENDED"; "MAY", "OPTIONAL".
14. The XMPP Registrar maintains a list of reserved protocol namespaces as well as registries of parameters used in the context of XMPP extension protocols approved by the XMPP Standards Foundation. For further information, see <https://xmpp.org/registrar/>.
Note: Older versions of this specification might be available at http://xmpp.org/extensions/attic/
Slight syntax changes and added ability to provide additional HTTP header fields on slot assignment.
Merge typo fixes suggested by an unnamed user.
Fix TLS reference
Minor dependency and citation fixes (fs).
Announce maximum file size by means of Service Discovery Extensions (XEP-0128) 
Fix typo of discovery (Philipp Hancke).
Fix invalid XML in examples (tpa).
Initial published version approved by the XMPP Council.